Table 1: Argentina and Brazil nuclear non-proliferation agreements

1 January 2000

Date Agreement Scope/purpose
May 1980 Agreement on Cooperation for the Development and Application of the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy
November 1985 Declaration of Iguaçu Highlights the significance of the inauguration of the “International Bridge” connecting a Brazilian and Argentine cities as a physical and symbolic link representing union between both nations
November 1985 Joint Declaration on Nuclear Policy Establishes a joint working group on nuclear policy
December 1986 Joint Declaration on Nuclear Policy Reiterates the commitment to peaceful use of nuclear energy/ Identifies nuclear cooperation as an important means of building mutual confidence
December 1986 Protocol on Nuclear Cooperation (n. 17) Defines areas of joint cooperation in nuclear issues
July 1987 Joint Declaration on Nuclear Policy, Viedma States the mutual intention to end secrecy surrounding their nuclear programme and to deepen cooperation
April 1988 Joint Declaration on Nuclear Policy, Iperó Transforms the JWG into the Permanent Committee on Nuclear Affairs
November 1988 Joint Declaration on Nuclear Policy, Ezeiza Reaffirms commitment to pursuing dialogue and further cooperation on nuclear issues
July 1990 Joint Statement, Buenos Aires Endorses previous nuclear cooperation accords. Reiterates commitment to the peaceful uses of nuclear energy
November 1990 Declaration on Common Nuclear Policy, Foz de Iguaçu Creates the common system for accounting and control of nuclear materials. Begins reciprocal inspections. Starts negotiations with IAEA for joint safeguards agreement. Works towards the full entry into force of the Treaty of Tlatelolco
July 1991 Agreement for the Exclusively Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy (Guadalajara Accord) Establishes ABACC. Both parties agree to abstain from carrying out the testing, use, manufacture, production or acquisition of any nuclear explosive device
December 1991 Quadripartite Agreement Establishes the technical equivalent of full-scope IAEA safeguards on all Argentinean and Brazilian nuclear sites

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