The external social, environmental and economic costs imposed by nuclear energy are comparatively low, according research carried out by the European Commission's ExternE (external costs of energy) European Research Network.
The ExternE report, titled External Costs Research results on socio-environmental damages due to electricity and transport, said: "Nuclear power in general generates low external costs, although the very low probability of accidents with very high consequences and the fuel cycle impacts are included." The costs are site-specific, and range from 0.2-0.7(Euro)¢/kWh for nuclear, slightly higher than wind. Fossil fuel technology costs were the highest, ranging from 2-15¢/kWh
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