An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) emergency preparedness review (EPREV) in Indonesia, which ended on 28 September, advised Indonesia to establish a national nuclear and radiological emergency management system and make it part of a national “all-hazards” emergency management system. The review of Indonesia’s arrangements for nuclear and radiological emergency preparedness and response (EPR) was carried out at the request of the Indonesian government. The review team said the Indonesian authorities have a well-developed regulatory framework for nuclear and radiological emergencies, but informal cooperation arrangements among national organisations involved in EPR should be formalised and a draft national nuclear emergency response plan should be finalised and implemented. The IAEA said Indonesia is expected to adopt an action plan to address the team’s recommendations and invite the IAEA for an EPREV follow-up mission to review progress. Indonesia does not have any commercial nuclear reactors, but last year the National Nuclear Energy Agency (Batan) signed an agreement with Russia that could see co-operation in a programme to create and develop Indonesia’s nuclear energy industry.